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Procedure to repair or reconstruct the hymen that is performed by a gynaecologist or sometimes plastic surgeon.


Hymenorrhaphy or hymen reconstruction surgery is a surgical restoration of the female hymen. The term comes from the Greek word hymen that means membrane, and the word "raphe" meaning suture.

It is also known as hymenoplasty, although strictly this term would also include hymenotomy procedure as well.

Such procedures are not generally regarded as part of mainstream gynaecology, but are available from some plastic surgery centres, particularly in the USA, Japan and Western Europe, generally as a day surgery. The normal aim is to cause bleeding during the wedding night, which in some cultures is a required proof of virginity. Such operations tend to attract the most business in highly conservative nations such as Iran.

Medical Facts

What is hymen: The hymen is part of the reproductive system of a woman. It is a tissue that either completely or partially obstructs the opening of the vagina. It is named after the Greek god Hymenaeus - the God of weddings and marriage. It is also referred as the maidenhead.

Function of hymen: The hymen is found as a perforated or septate membranous ring around the vaginal opening or may be found blocking the opening. The hymen basically has no anatomical function in the human body. However, there is an age-old tradition that the intact hymen is proof of virginity in the woman. However, modern science now knows that this is an erroneous fact

Hymen defloration: The reason the hymen was considered a guarantee of the real virginity of a woman was that it was thought that it was the first hymen defloration that would cause this membrane to tear and thus bleed. However, it is known that this is not true as the normal hymen does not actually completely cover the vaginal opening and thus has an opening in it. Moreover, the bleeding that is associated with hymen defloration may be from not only tearing of the hymen, but also because of injury to nearby tissues. Many teen's heymen defloration happened before first intercourse

The tearing of the hymen is medically called a transection that is basically caused by trauma associated with penetration. The insertion of a tampon and masturbation are not strong enough to cause trauma to the hymen. Transections are not caused by straddle injuries, horseback riding, gymnastics or bicycling as they do not penetrate the hymen. Today, you can find many surgeons who can restore a woman's hymen surgically for those women who consider the hymen being intact an indicator of a woman's hymen is not deflorated. Women who are to be married, and wish to have met the expectations of their culture usually resort to this operation.

Hymenoplasty generally takes about one to two hours, with patients able to return to work the next day. Restoration of the hymen is done on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia or sedation. Prior to surgery, patients are required to have a pre-surgical consultation and thorough gynecological examination. During this time, she should communicate her needs and expectations to the doctor, and in turn, will learn of the possible risks and benefits to hymenoplasty.

How You Will Feel:

This is a day surgery

How Long Will you stay in Hospital after your Hymenorrhaphy?

0 Days as inpatient

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